TRADITIONAL AND MODERN IN THE WORLDVIEW OF THE INHABITANTS OF OCEANIA
S. E. PALE Candidate of Historical Sciences, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Keywords: Oceania, worldview, traditions, lifestyle, values Only in the 16th century did the islands of Oceania appear on geographical maps, whose inhabitants lingered in the unwritten barter-cannibal Stone Age. Representatives of Western civilization saw many wonders there that struck their imagination. During the years of development of the Pacific islands, prehistoric exoticism gave food for creativity to many Western poets, writers, thinkers and artists, among whom were J. - J. Rousseau, D. Diderot, P. Gauguin, M. Twain, J. London, S. Maugham, R. L. Stevenson. Oceania was included in the global civilization. But how did the worldview of its inhabitants change after the collision with Europeans? Consideration of this issue is a field for research that promises a lot of original findings. OCEANIC LIFESTYLE BEFORE MEETING THE EUROPEANS The thirst for wealth that pushed Western colonizers to develop the Pacific islands was calculated in monetary terms. But before meeting the Europeans, the inhabitants of Oceania, who were safely in a Neolithic state of body and mind, did not have money: instead, barter trade and a system of gift exchange flourished. The islands of Oceania did not have a complex social hierarchy. The islanders did not need to form large alliances: there was a natural defense against possible alien attacks - the ocean. Especially since most of the islanders were waiting for gods, not enemies, from across the ocean. Oceanians usually lived in family communities of 200 to 400 people, who from time to time, having caught a neighboring community in witchcraft, corruption or the evil eye, made combat sorties in order to teach their enemies a lesson, taking from them what was considered fair compensation. The absence in Oceania of not only metal, but also the skills of making complex tools, and sometimes even elementary household items, made the isl ... Read more
____________________

This publication was posted on Libmonster in another country. The article seemed interesting to our editor.

Full version: https://elibrary.org.uk/m/articles/view/TRADITIONAL-AND-MODERN-IN-THE-WORLDVIEW-OF-THE-INHABITANTS-OF-OCEANIA
India Online · 134 days ago 0 146
Professional Authors' Comments:
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Library guests comments




Actions
Rate
0 votes
Publisher
India Online
Delhi, India
07.12.2023 (134 days ago)
Link
Permanent link to this publication:

https://elib.org.in/blogs/entry/TRADITIONAL-AND-MODERN-IN-THE-WORLDVIEW-OF-THE-INHABITANTS-OF-OCEANIA


© elib.org.in
 
Library Partners

ELIB.ORG.IN - Indian Digital Library

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.
TRADITIONAL AND MODERN IN THE WORLDVIEW OF THE INHABITANTS OF OCEANIA
 

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: IN LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers

Indian Digital Library ® All rights reserved.
2023-2024, ELIB.ORG.IN is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Preserving the Indian heritage


LIBMONSTER NETWORK ONE WORLD - ONE LIBRARY

US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android