HOW TO BECOME A GLOBAL ENERGY POWER
E. N. PETELIN Post-graduate student Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences Keywords: China's foreign policy, energy security, international climate change regime China's emergence as a global power is taking place in many areas of the global economy and politics. This is most evident in the energy sector, where China's position is determined by the fact that it belongs to countries that consume energy resources (in the energy sector, the interests of three groups of states can be distinguished: countries that are net importers, countries that are net exporters, and countries that transit energy resources through their territory). Since 2010, China has been the world's largest consumer of primary energy. In 2012, China's primary energy consumption was 2.7 billion cubic meters. t in oil equivalent, i.e. 21.9% of world consumption. Consumption increased by 7.4% compared to 2011 [1]. In 2013, China became the largest oil importer, surpassing the United States, which has dominated this indicator since the 1970s [2]. At the same time, criticism from the international community continues to be caused by the fact that China is the world's largest emitter of carbon dioxide, which is also due to the peculiarities of the country's energy balance. How should an emerging market economy act in the face of a shortage of energy resources and technologies in order to maintain stable economic growth and a positive international image? The analysis of geopolitical and geo-economic aspects of the current energy policy of the People's Republic of China allows us to answer this question. THE MAIN INCENTIVE IS DEVELOPMENT ISSUES The change of the top party and state leadership of the PRC in late 2002 - early 2003 coincided with the aggravation of internal problems of ensuring energy security in the country. First, China is facing a sharp energy shortage. In the 2000s, oil production in the country did not increase significantly, and consumption was constantly growing ... Read more
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India Online · 175 days ago 0 171
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Delhi, India
28.10.2023 (175 days ago)
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