ECOLOGY OF THE TRANS-BAIKAL NOMAD SPACE AND SOCIETY
S.-H. SYRTYPOVA Candidate of Historical Sciences (Buryat State University) Anyone who has visited the Mongolian steppe at least once will never forget the cosmic feeling of peace, freedom and strength emanating from the great Eternal Blue Sky in invisible powerful streams. The contemplation of vast expanses balances the concepts of the unchanging eternity of open space and the dynamic cycle of being. In Mongolia, there is such a thing as a dacha, where, following the example of Russian summer residents, citizens rest. The Mongols call their dachas zuslan, which literally translates as "letnik"or" summer camp"*. A lonely tiny house in the steppe, around which there is neither a tree, nor a fence, nor, moreover, beds and garden tools - nothing to do with the stereotype of the Russian dacha economy! "What kind of rest is this?" - you will think. "The eye is resting," they will tell you. In Mongolian, this is called nud amarna. There is also such an expression salkhind gorakh - "go out into the wind", "get some air", i.e. take a break from closed rooms. Open space and fresh wind-that's what heals the soul from depression and stress. TRANSBAIKALIA - A SPECIAL ECOLOGICAL ZONE The region of Central Asia, in the heart of which Mongolia is located, for many centuries was a kind of cauldron, a huge historical furnace that melted down many modern peoples and ethnic groups. The great Empire created by Genghis Khan in the 13th century, the last of the mighty nomadic empires of Asia, was divided into large and small principalities due to the internecine strife of the descendants of Genghisids, whose outskirts were not slow to absorb neighboring empires. Thus, the lands and peoples divided between Mongolia, Russia and China ended up in different "cauldrons", like the same ingredients in dishes of different national cuisines. Trans-Baikal Region (lands adjacent to Lake Baikal, administratively we include the Republic of Buryatia, Irkutsk and Chita regions) It was incorporated into ... Read more
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Delhi, India
25.07.2023 (273 days ago)
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